Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #33, 2018

Near Infrared

“Accurate and rapid detection of soil and fertilizer properties based on visible/near-infrared spectroscopy.” LINK

“Authenticity Detection of Black Rice by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Support Vector Data Description.” NIRS LINK

“MicroNIR™ PAT-W for Blend Endpoint Analysis in a High Dosage Product” LINK


“Which regression method to use? Making informed decisions in “data-rich/knowledge poor” scenarios – The Predictive Analytics Comparison framework (PAC)” LINK

“Determination of salvianolic acid B and borneol in compound Danshen tablet by near-infrared spectroscopy and establishment of dependency model” LINK

“Error propagation of partial least squares for parameters optimization in NIR modeling.” LINK

“Rapid quantification of the adulteration of fresh coconut water by dilution and sugars using Raman spectroscopy and chemometrics” LINK

“Predicting pork freshness using multi-index statistical information fusion method based on near infrared spectroscopy.” LINK

“Validation of short wave near infrared calibration models for the quality and ripening of ‘Newhall’ orange on tree across years and orchards” fruits SWNIRS LINK

“Fault detection based on time series modeling and multivariate statistical process control.” LINK


Near Infrared (NIR) Analysis Software, work smart with all NIR Spectrometers for quantitative sensing & detection. | AnalyticalChemistry LabManger Chemical Analysis Equipment ChemicalAnalysis Analytical Instruments Laboratory LabEquipment LINK

New : FREE NIR Predictor Software, drag&drop spectral data to plug&play calibrations, for any NIRS Analysis sensor type. | Chemometrics Prediction LINK

Spektroskopie und Chemometrie Neuigkeiten Wöchentlich 32, 2018 | NIRS Spektroskopie Chemometrie analyse Spektral Spektrometer Sensor LINK

Spettroscopia e Chemiometria Weekly News 32, 2018 | NIRS Spettroscopia Chemiometria analisi Spettrale Spettrometro Sensore LINK

The non-destructive technique such as Near Infrared Spectroscopy NIRS along with Chemometrics can predict quality parameters of measurements by using the free NIR-Predictor Software. QualityControl QualityAssurance foodsafety productinspection LINK


“Estimating soil heavy metals concentration at large scale using visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy.” LINK

“Overall uncertainty measurement for near infrared analysis of cryptotanshinone in tanshinone extract.” LINK


“Hyperspectral imaging reveals wound problems” LINK


“Sensoren machen guten Wein – Mit Hilfe von Sensoren können Winzer Informationen zu Reife, Qualität, Ertragsaussichten und Krankheitsrisiken ihrer Reben erhalten.” LINK


“Fourier transform infrared spectrometer based on an electrothermal MEMS mirror.” LINK


“Discrimination of Milks with a Multisensor System Based on Layer-by-Layer Films” LINK


“Watch out, birders: Artificial intelligence has learned to spot birds from their songs” LINK

What are pre-developed NIR pre-calibrations?

There are a lot of terms that means the same, pre-calibration or NIR starter calibration or pre-built calibration or pre-installed calibration orcalibration package or pre-developed calibrations or pre-calibrated NIR or global calibrations or nir global calibration package or factory calibrations or universal near-infrared (NIR) calibrations or local calibrations or ready-to-use NIR calibrations or off-the-shelf calibrations or factory-calibrated or pre calculated model or start-up calibrations or calibration equations or prefabricated nir calibrations or calibration library or mathematical model. That are Calibration models that are prepared and developed by a calibration specialist. They have collected a lot of samples over years and measured them with NIR and analyced it with reference methods. The NIR spectra are then calibrated against the reference values. This is called a NIR calibration or calibration model or sometimes calibration curve or calibration equation. Normally a precalibration is delivered as a file that is compatible to the used NIR analysis software. Such a calibration file does not contain the spectra nor the reference values.

So how can that work?

The only thing that is in the file is a description what it is for (e.g. protein in feed) and the chemometric model that is represented and stored as list of vectors and matrices. You can’t visualize them, it’s a black-box file. You have no insight of how the calibration is done, how are the settings, how is the prediction performance. You can not extend the calibration with your data to adjust it to your purpose or specialty. Most often the pre calibration files are protected, so you can use it only with a paid license to your software or even to your instrument serials number. These are some (not well known) limitations you will discover if you got one. But such starter calibrations are very useful to have a fast and easy start with a new NIR spectrometer. That’s the main reason why pre-calibrations are available. The second reason is that a collection of spectra can be reused to build such pre calibrations.

Predicting the future?

Are very old spectra useful to predict the future? To adjust a calibration model with newly collected data, the calibrations grows and contains more and more redundancy. That means there are very similar spectra with the same concentration range. So which spectra can be removed to make the calibration better? You maybe never ask this because often you hear, that the more spectra you put into a model the better it will be. Why to remove some spectra?
  • reduce not needed redundancy
  • makes the calibration smaller and less complex
  • makes the calibration better fit to the current situation of now and the near future
  • remove long past seasonal data if you have natural products because nature is changing
  • and of course bad outliers should be removed

Custom NIR calibrations

Build your own calibrations that perfectly fit to your specific sample matrix of your products and your preferred raw materials from your local suppliers. Nature grows differently depending on the geographical region, by seasons and year by year. As you know that NIR-Spectroscopy is not an absolute method, then you have to think about to calibrate these current changing effects into your models. If you own the spectra and the reference values then your are able to build your own calibration models and re-calibrate them when needed. So you have the full control on Calibration updates (also known as moving models).


A NIR-instrument can only measure NIR spectra. So the usefulness of NIR comes in with calibrations. That is very important to know when buying such an instrument. For a fast start you can use pre-built calibrations. Good reliably calibrations are offered from third party to quite high prices that level is similar to a cheaper NIR-Instrument! To continue successfully it is highly recommended to develop your own customized calibration (multivariate calibration model) with your own data from your own products, especially with the use of natural resources. Therefore you need knowledge about chemometrics and multivariate analysis (MVA), spectroscopy and the software used to get the calibration optimized. It is worthwhile to create your own calibrations, because you can calibrate product characteristics that are not covered by the proposed pre-calibrations.