Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #3, 2021

NIR Calibration-Model Services

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 2, 2021 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK

Spektroskopie und Chemometrie Neuigkeiten Wöchentlich 2, 2021 | NIRS NIR Spektroskopie MachineLearning Spektrometer IoT Sensor Nahinfrarot Chemie Analytik Analysengeräte Analysentechnik Analysemethode Nahinfrarotspektroskopie Laboranalyse LINK

Spettroscopia e Chemiometria Weekly News 2, 2021 | NIRS NIR Spettroscopia MachineLearning analisi chimica Spettrale Spettrometro Chem IoT Sensore Attrezzatura analitica Laboratorio analisi prova qualità Analysesystem QualityControl LINK




Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)

“On the discrimination of soil samplesby derivative diffuse reflectance UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy and Chemometric methods” LINK

“Quantitative Analysis of Organic Acids in Pomelo Fruit using FT-NIR Spectroscopy Coupled with Network Kernel PLS Regression” LINK

“Determination of foliar nitrogen in oil palm with spectroscopy in the middle infrared (MIR) and near infrared (NIR) by the method of regression of partial least squares of …” LINK

“Low-cost handheld NIR spectroscopy for identification of organic solvents and low-level quantification of water contamination.” LINK

“Prediction of Andrographolide Content in Andrographis paniculata Using NIR Spectroscopy” LINK

“Non-Destructive Prediction of Moisture Content of Philippine Coffea arabica and Coffea liberica Green Beans Using Locally-Developed NIR Spectroscopy Instrument” LINK

“Rapid and nondestructive evaluation of soluble solids content (SSC) and firmness in apple using Vis–NIR spatially resolved spectroscopy” LINK

“Detection of Flavor Adulterated Pu”er Tea by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK




Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR)

“Near infrared spectroscopy model for analyzing chemical composition of biomass subjected to Fenton oxidation and hydrothermal treatment” LINK

“Texture evaluation of cooked parboiled rice using nondestructive milled whole grain near infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Hyperspectral measurement of skin reflectance detects differences in the visible and nearinfrared regions according to race, gender, and body site.” LINK

“Effects of polymer molecular weight on curcumin amorphous solid dispersion; at-line monitoring system based on attenuated total reflectance mid-infrared and near-infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Near-infrared hyperspectral imaging for monitoring the thickness distribution of thin poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) layers.” LINK

“Improved prediction of potassium and nitrogen in dried bell pepper leaves with visible and near-infrared spectroscopy utilising wavelength selection techniques” LINK

“Identification of Aspergillus species in human blood plasma by infrared spectroscopy and machine learning” LINK

“PLS-DA and Infrared Spectroscopy based rapid and non-destructive discrimination of black ball and gel pen inks for forensic application” forensic LINK

” Analysis of Glycated Hemoglobin by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK




Hyperspectral Imaging (HSI)

“Spectral feature selection from hyperspectral dataset to identify pistachio leaves infected by Psylla” LINK




Chemometrics and Machine Learning

“Classification of Megathyrsus maximus Accessions Grown in The Colombian Dry Tropical Forest by Nutritional Assessment during contrasting seasons” LINK

“A global calibration model for prediction of intramuscular fat and pH in red meat using hyperspectral imaging” LINK

“Application of near-infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics for the rapid quality assessment of Sargassum fusiforme” LINK

“Comparison of Soil Total Nitrogen Content Prediction Models Based on Vis-NIR Spectroscopy” LINK

“An efficient tea quality classification algorithm based on near infrared spectroscopy and random Forest” LINK

“NIR spectroscopy fruit quality detection algorithm based on the least angle regression model” LINK




Process Control and NIR Sensors

“Free radical detection in water after processing by means of high voltage electrical discharges and high power ultrasound” LINK




Environment NIR-Spectroscopy Application

“Image and Point Data Fusion for Enhanced Discrimination of Ore and Waste in Mining” Minerals LINK




Agriculture NIR-Spectroscopy Usage

“Design of storage time identification system of lettuce based on Adaboost” LINK




Horticulture NIR-Spectroscopy Applications

“Determination of pectin in peach fruit by Fourier transform near infrared spectroscopy.” LINK




Food & Feed Industry NIR Usage

“Lipid and Protein Oxidation Marker Compounds in Horse Meat Determined by MIR Spectroscopy” LINK




Beverage and Drink Industry NIR Usage

“Physical and Chemical Effects of Different Working Gases in Coffee Brewing: A Case Study of Caffè Firenze” LINK

“Simultaneous Determination of Caffeine and Taurine in Energy Drinks by FT-MIR Spectroscopy Coupled with Multivariate Analysis” LINK




Laboratory and NIR-Spectroscopy

“Accurate confidence intervals for inter-laboratory calibration and common mean estimation” LINK




Other

“Alteration in the Amount of Glomalin in Transition from Forest to Field/Meadow” LINK





Digitization in the field of NIR spectroscopy (smart sensors)

Digitalization is advancing, also in NIR spectroscopy, which enables trainable miniature smart sensors e.g. for analyses in the food&feed, chemical and pharmaceutical sectors.

The calibration is the core of a NIR spectroscopy sensor, it enables the numerous applications and should therefore not be the weakest link in the measurement chain.

The development of calibrations that turn NIR spectrometers into smart sensors is done manually by experts (NIR specialist, chemometrician, data scientist) with so-called chemometrics software.

This is very time-consuming (time to market) and the result is person-dependent and thus suboptimal, because each expert has his own preferred way of proceeding. In addition, the calibrations have to be maintained, as new data has been collected in the meantime, which can be used to extend and improve the calibrations.

This is where our automated service comes in, combining the knowledge and good practices of NIR spectroscopy and chemometrics collected in one software and using machine learning to generate optimal calibrations.

Based on this, we have developed a complete technology platform (Time to Market) that covers the entire process from sending NIR + Lab data, to NIR Calibration as a Service, from online purchase of calibrations, to NIR Predictor software that directly evaluates newly measured NIR data locally and generates result reports.

Besides the free desktop version with user interface, the NIR Predictor can also be integrated (OEM). This can be integrated in parallel as a complement to your current Predictor, allowing the user to choose how they want to calibrate. And give them the advantage in NIR feasibility studies and NIR spectrometer evaluations to quickly provide the customer with a solid and accurate calibration that will make their NIR system deliver better results.

Advantages for your NIR users (internal or external)
  • no initial costs (no chemometrics software license required),
  • calculable operating costs (fixed amount instead of time and hourly rate) (calibration development, calibration maintenance)
  • easy to use (no chemometrics and software training),
  • quicker to use (no calibration development work) and
  • better calibrations (precision, accuracy, robustness, …)


Our chargeable service is based on the calibration development and the annual calibration use. Calibration development and calibration use can also be carried out separately (manufacturer / user).

For you as a spectrometer manufacturer, this means that you can deliver your system pre-calibrated for certain applications without incurring software license costs. And without your application specialists having to provide additional calibration services.

The unique advantages of our calibration service together with the free NIR Predictor are:
  • no software license costs (chemometrics software, predictor software, OEM integration)
  • no chemometrics know-how necessary
  • no time needed to develop optimal NIR calibrations.


If interested in using/evaluating the service :

About CalibrationModel.com : Time and knowledge intensive creation and optimization of chemometric evaluation methods for spectrometers as a service to enable more accurate analysis and measurement results.



see also

Paradigm Change in NIR

Five Mistakes to avoid on Digitalization in NIR

NIR – Total cost of ownership (TCO)

OEM / White Label Software

White Paper



NIR Analysis in Laboratory and Laboratories – aka NIR Labs and NIR testing


Do you have a NIR spectrometer in your Lab?

How many other analytics you do in the Lab could be done faster and cheaper with NIR?

Is this possible and precise enough?

Try, we have the solution for you!
You have the NIR, scan the samples, you have the lab values and the spectra, we calibrate for you!

To see if the application is possible and how precise it can be due to knowledge based intensive model optimizations.

We do the NIR feasibility study with data for you. Fixed prices

NIR has huge application potentials and it’s a Green analytical method, that’s fast and easy to use. And has today the possibility to scale out with inexpensive mobile NIR spectrometers.

Bring the Lab to the sample. To avoid sample transport and get immediate results for decision at the place or in the process.

Just try the NIR application, use the NIR daily, collect data in parallel, we develop, optimize and maintain the calibration models for you.

How do you think?

Start Calibrate


What is possible today with NIR?
The number of different Applications exploded in the last 2-3 years!
See NIR research papers news daily on @CalibModel or the 7-day summariesNIR News Weekly” here.

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #37, 2020

NIR Calibration-Model Services

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 36, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK

Spektroskopie und Chemometrie Neuigkeiten Wöchentlich 36, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spektroskopie MachineLearning Spektrometer IoT Sensor Nahinfrarot Chemie Analytik Analysengeräte Analysentechnik Analysemethode Nahinfrarotspektroskopie Laboranalyse LINK

Spettroscopia e Chemiometria Weekly News 36, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spettroscopia MachineLearning analisi chimica Spettrale Spettrometro Chem IoT Sensore Attrezzatura analitica Laboratorio analisi prova qualità Analysesystem QualityControl LINK

This week’s NIR news Weekly is sponsored by Your-Company-Name-Here – NIR-spectrometers. Check out their product page … link

Get the Chemometrics and Spectroscopy News in real time on Twitter @ CalibModel and follow us.




Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)

“NIR Spectroscopic Techniques for Quality and Process Control in the Meat Industry” LINK

“Estimating coefficient of linear extensibility using Vis–NIR reflectance spectral data: Comparison of model validation approaches” LINK

“NIR spectroscopy and chemometric tools to identify high content of deoxynivalenol in barley” LINK

“Combining multivariate method and spectral variable selection for soil total nitrogen estimation by Vis–NIR spectroscopy” LINK

“Multi-task deep learning of near infrared spectra for improved grain quality trait predictions” LINK

“Multi-factor Fusion Models for Soluble Solid Content Detection in Pear (Pyrus bretschneideri ‘Ya’) Using Vis/NIR Online Half-transmittance Technique” LINK

“Determining regression equations for predicting the metabolic energy values of barley-producing cultivars in Iran and comparing the results with the results of NIRS method and cultivars …” LINK

“Using Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS) to Predict Glucobrassicin Concentrations in Cabbage and Brussels Sprout Leaf Tissue” LINK

“Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Analyzing Changes of Pulp Color of Kiwifruit in Different Depths” LINK

“Novel NIR modeling design and assignment in process quality control of Honeysuckle flower by QbD” LINK




Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR)

“Near-infrared spectroscopy to determine cold-flow improver concentrations in diesel fuel” LINK

“Improving spatial synchronization between X-ray and near-infrared spectra information to predict wood density profiles” LINK

“Functional principal component analysis for near-infrared spectral data: a case study on Tricholoma matsutakeis” LINK

“Midinfrared spectroscopy as a tool for realtime monitoring of ethanol absorption in glycols” LINK

“Inline characterization of dispersion uniformity evolution during a twinscrew blending extrusion based on nearinfrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Development of Fourier Transform near Infrared Spectroscopy Methods for the Rapid Quantification of Starch and Cellulose in Mozzarella and Other Italian-Type CHEESES” LINK

“Prediction of Anthocyanin Content in Three Types of Blueberry Pomace by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Sweetness Detection and Grading of Peaches and Nectarines by Combining Short-and Long-Wave Fourier-Transform Near-Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK




Spectral Imaging

“Use of UAS Multispectral Imagery at Different Physiological Stages for Yield Prediction and Input Resource Optimization in Corn” Remote Sensing LINK




Chemometrics and Machine Learning

“Combination of visible reflectance and acoustic response to improve nondestructive assessment of maturity and indirect prediction of internal quality of redfleshed pomelo” LINK

“Green Analytical Methods of Antimalarial Artemether-Lumefantrine Analysis for Falsification Detection Using a LowCost Handled NIR Spectrometer with DD-SIMCA and Drug Quantification by HPLC” LINK

“Data fusion of UPLC data, NIR spectra and physicochemical parameters with chemometrics as an alternative to evaluating kombucha fermentation” LINK

“Effect of physicochemical factors and use of milk powder on milk rennet-coagulation: Process understanding by near infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics” LINK

“A Digital Approach to Model Quality and Sensory Traits of Beers Fermented under Sonication Based on Chemical Fingerprinting” LINK

“Latent Variable Graphical Modeling for High Dimensional Data Analysis” LINK




Equipment for Spectroscopy

“Evaluation of Salmon, Tuna, and Beef Freshness Using a Portable Spectrometer” Sensors LINK

“Developing a soil spectral library using a low-cost NIR spectrometer for precision fertilization in Indonesia” LINK

“Compact Solid Etalon Computational Spectrometer: FY19 Optical Systems Technology Line-Supported Program” LINK




Agriculture NIR-Spectroscopy Usage

“Detection of Melamine Adulteration in Milk Powder by Using Optical Spectroscopy Technologies in the Last Decade—a Review” LINK




Horticulture NIR-Spectroscopy Applications

“Accurate non-destructive prediction of peach fruit internal quality and physiological maturity with a single scan using near infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Recent Advances in Spectral Analysis Techniques for Non-Destructive Detection of Internal Quality in Watermelon and Muskmelon: A Review” “光谱分析在西甜瓜内部品质无损检测中的研究进展” LINK




Food & Feed Industry NIR Usage

“Detection of fraud in highquality rice by nearinfrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Detecting food fraud in extra virgin olive oil using a prototype portable hyphenated photonics sensor” LINK

“Nondestructive detection of sunset yellow in cream based on near-infrared spectroscopy and interval random forest” LINK




Other

“The Detection of Substitution Adulteration of Paprika with Spent Paprika by the Application of Molecular Spectroscopy Tools.” LINK

“The Effect of Monomers on the Recognition Properties of Molecularly Imprinted Beads for Proto-hypericin and Proto-pseudohypericin” | FLOREA GAVRILA 1 20.pdf LINK





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Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #24, 2020

NIR Calibration-Model Services

Machine Learning for NIR Spectroscopy as a Service, a Game Changer for Productivity and Accuracy/Precision! Use the free NIR-Predcitor software to combine NIRS + Lab data and send your Calibration Request. LabManager Analysis MachineLearning LINK

“Food quality digitized at the “speed of light” ” : Food Sample -> measured with a NIRS spectrometer -> spectral data -> ⚖️ predicted with a NIRPredictor & CalibrationModel -> % quantitative results -> quality decision -> LINK

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 23, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK

Spektroskopie und Chemometrie Neuigkeiten Wöchentlich 23, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spektroskopie MachineLearning Spektrometer IoT Sensor Nahinfrarot Chemie Analytik Analysengeräte Analysentechnik Analysemethode Nahinfrarotspektroskopie Laboranalyse LINK

Spettroscopia e Chemiometria Weekly News 23, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spettroscopia MachineLearning analisi chimica Spettrale Spettrometro Chem IoT Sensore Attrezzatura analitica Laboratorio analisi prova qualità Analysesystem QualityControl LINK




Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)

“Fiber Content Determination of Linen/Viscose Blends Using NIR Spectroscopy” LINK

“Characterization of a high power time-domain NIRS device: towards faster and deeper investigation of biological tissues” LINK

“… chamosite from an hydrothermalized oolitic ironstone (Saint-Aubin-des-Châteaux, Armorican Massif, France): crystal chemistry, Vis-NIR spectroscopy (red variety) and …” LINK

“Study on evolution methods for the optimization of machine learning models based on FT-NIR spectroscopy” LINK

“Vibrational coupling to hydration shell – Mechanism to performance enhancement of qualitative analysis in NIR spectroscopy of carbohydrates in aqueous environment.” LINK

” RAPID EVALUATION OF DRY WHITE KIDNEY BEANS COOKING CHARACTERISTICS BY NEAR-INFRARED (NIR) SPECTROSCOPY” LINK

For food analysts, how to choose between a ‘classic’ method and a ‘modern’ technique such as FT-NIR or RMN? Our recently available paper tries to answer that question based on error evaluation: LINK

“FT-NIR combined with chemometrics versus classic chemical methods as accredited analytical support for decision-making: application to chemical compositional compliance of feedingstuffs” LINK




Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR)

“Functional Classification of Feed Items in Pampa Grassland, Based on Their Near-Infrared Spectrum” LINK

“A Rapid and Nondestructive Approach for the Classification of Different-Age Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium Using Portable Near Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Near-infrared spectroscopy as a new method for post-harvest monitoring of white truffles” LINK

“Rapid Prediction of Apparent Amylose, Total Starch, and Crude Protein by Near‐Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy for Foxtail Millet (Setaria italica)” LINK

“New Induced Mutation Genetic Algorithm for Spectral Variables Selection in Near Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Quantification of Plant Root Species Composition in Peatlands Using FTIR Spectroscopy” LINK

“Functional classification of feed items in pampa grassland, based on their near-infrared spectrum” LINK

“A feasibility of nondestructive rapid detection of total volatile basic nitrogen content in frozen pork based on portable near-infrared spectroscopy” LINK

” Machine Learning Classification of Articular Cartilage Integrity Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Has the time come to use near-infrared spectroscopy in your science classroom?” LINK

“Feasibility of using near-infrared measurements to detect changes in water quality” LINK

“A novel CC-tSNE-SVR model for rapid determination of diesel fuel quality by near infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Optimizing analysis of coal property using laser-induced breakdown and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopies” LINK

“Probing Active Sites and Reaction Intermediates of Electrocatalysis Through Confocal Near-Infrared Photoluminescence Spectroscopy: A Perspective.” LINK

“Determination of in situ ruminal degradation of phytate phosphorus from single and compound feeds in dairy cows using chemical analysis and near-infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Non-destructive assessment of moisture content and modulus of rupture of sawn timber Hevea wood using near infrared spectroscopy technique” LINK

“Accurate prediction of glucose concentration and identification of major contributing features from hardly distinguishable near-infrared spectroscopy” LINK

” Multiblock PLS-DA on fecal and plasma visible-near-infrared spectra for discriminating young bulls according to their efficiency. Preliminary results” LINK

“Examining the Utility of Visible Near-Infrared and Optical Remote Sensing for the Early Detection of Rapid ‘Ōhi‘a Death” LINK

“Developing deep learning based regression approaches for determination of chemical compositions in dry black goji berries (Lycium ruthenicum Murr.) using near-infrared hyperspectral …” LINK

” RAPID, NONDESTRUCTIVE AND SIMULTANEOUS PREDICTIONS OF SOIL CONTENT IN WULING MOUNTAIN AREA USING NEAR INFRARED …” LINK




Raman Spectroscopy

“Differentiating cancer cells using Raman spectroscopy (Conference Presentation)” LINK

“Applied Sciences, Vol. 10, Pages 3545: Raman Spectral Analysis for Quality Determination of Grignard Reagent” LINK

“Surfaceenhanced Raman spectroscopy for onsite analysis: A review of recent developments” LINK




Hyperspectral Imaging (HSI)

“Estimating leaf mercury content in Phragmites australis based on leaf hyperspectral reflectance” LINK

“A hyperspectral microscope based on a birefringent ultrastable common-path interferometer (Conference Presentation)” LINK

“Hyperspectral imaging of beet seed germination prediction” LINK

“Hyperspectral imaging for discrimination of Keemun black tea quality categories: Multivariate calibration analysis and data fusion” LINK

“Potential of deep learning and snapshot hyperspectral imaging for classification of species in meat” LINK

“Performance of Fluorescence and Diffuse Reflectance Hyperspectral Imaging for Characterization of Lutefisk: A Traditional Norwegian Fish Dish” LINK




Spectral Imaging

“Identify the ripening stage of avocado by multispectral camera using semi-supervised learning on small dataset” LINK

“Multispectral imaging for predicting the water status in mushroom during hotair dehydration” LINK




Chemometrics and Machine Learning

“Sample selection, calibration and validation of models developed from a large dataset of near infrared spectra of tree leaves” Eucalyptus forage quality LINK

“Determination of Loline Alkaloids and Mycelial Biomass in Endophyte-Infected Schedonorus Pratensis by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Chemometrics” LINK

“Detection and Assessment of Nitrogen Effect on Cold Tolerance for Tea by Hyperspectral Reflectance with PLSR, PCR, and LM Models” LINK

“Application of vibrationnal spectroscopy and chemometrics to access the quality of Locally produced antimalarial medicines in the Democratic Republic of Congo.” LINK

“Predicting total petroleum hydrocarbons in field soils with VisNIR models developed on laboratoryconstructed samples” LINK

“National spectral data and learning algorithms for potentially toxic elements modelling in forest soil horizons” LINK

“Rapid determination of the textural properties of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy and chemometrics” LINK

“Vibrational spectroscopy and chemometrics for quantifying key bioactive components of various plum cultivars grown in New Zealand” LINK




Equipment for Spectroscopy

“NearInfrared Multipurpose LanthanideImaging Nanoprobes” LINK




Process Control and NIR Sensors

“Non-invasive measurement of quality attributes of processed pomegranate products” LINK




Environment NIR-Spectroscopy Application

“Spectral Feature Selection Optimization for Water Quality Estimation.” LINK

“Remote Sensing, Vol. 12, Pages 931: Optical Water Type Guided Approach to Estimate Optical Water Quality Parameters” LINK

“Estimation of total nitrogen and organic carbon contents in mine soils with NIR reflectance spectroscopy and various chemometric methods” LINK




Agriculture NIR-Spectroscopy Usage

“Development of a compact multimodal imaging system for rapid characterisation of intrinsic optical properties of freshly excised tissue (Conference Presentation)” LINK

“Agriculture, Vol. 10, Pages 181: Grafting and ShadingThe Influence on Postharvest Tomato Quality” LINK

“Remote Sensing, Vol. 12, Pages 940: Editorial for the Special Issue Estimation of Crop Phenotyping Traits using Unmanned Ground Vehicle and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Imagery”” LINK

“Predicting grain protein content of field-grown winter wheat with satellite images and partial least square algorithm.” LINK

“The development of models to predict the nutritional value of feedstuffs and feed mixture using NIRS” LINK

“Permafrost soil complexity evaluated by laboratory imaging Vis‐NIR spectroscopy” LINK




Horticulture NIR-Spectroscopy Applications

“Recent advances in imaging techniques for bruise detection in fruits and vegetables” LINK




Forestry and Wood Industry NIR Usage

“Nutritional characterization of trees from the Amazonian piedmont, Putumayo department, Colombia” LINK




Food & Feed Industry NIR Usage

“Approaches, applications, and future directions for hyperspectral vegetation studies: An emphasis on yieldlimiting factors in wheat” LINK

“Beef Nutritional Quality Testing and Food Packaging” LINK




Laboratory and NIR-Spectroscopy

“UV Irradiation and Near Infrared Characterization of Laboratory Mars Soil Analog Samples: the case of Phthalic Acid, Adenosine 5′-Monophosphate, L-Glutamic Acid …” molecular biosignatures; spectroscopy; lifedetection LINK




Other

LINK

“Effect of substrate temperature on the microstructural and optical properties of RF sputtered grown ZnO thin films” LINK

Using near-infrared light to 3-D print an ear inside the body LINK

“Eco-friendly dye sensitized solar cell using natural dye with solid polymer electrolyte as hole transport material” solarcell LINK





Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #21, 2020

This week’s NIR news Weekly is sponsored by Your-Company-Name-Here – NIR-spectrometers. Check out their product page … link

Get the Chemometrics and Spectroscopy News in real time on Twitter @ CalibModel and follow us.


NIR Calibration-Model Services

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 20, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK

Spektroskopie und Chemometrie Neuigkeiten Wöchentlich 20, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spektroskopie MachineLearning Spektrometer IoT Sensor Nahinfrarot Chemie Analytik Analysengeräte Analysentechnik Analysemethode Nahinfrarotspektroskopie Laboranalyse LINK

Spettroscopia e Chemiometria Weekly News 20, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spettroscopia MachineLearning analisi chimica Spettrale Spettrometro Chem IoT Sensore Attrezzatura analitica Laboratorio analisi prova qualità Analysesystem QualityControl LINK




Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)

“New applications of visnir spectroscopy for the prediction of soil properties” LINK

“Simultaneous determination of quality parameters in yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) samples by application of near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and partial least …” LINK

“Fault detection with moving window PCA using NIRS spectra for the monitoring of anaerobic digestion process” LINK

“Control of ascorbic acid in fortified powdered soft drinks using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and multivariate analysis.” LINK

“Fiber Content Determination of Linen/Viscose Blends Using NIR Spectroscopy” LINK




Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR)

“ripening stages monitoring of Lamuyo pepper using a new‐generation near‐infrared spectroscopy sensor” LINK

“Modeling bending strength of oil-heat-treated wood by near-infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Performance Improvement of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy-Based Brain-Computer Interface Using Regularized Linear Discriminant Analysis Ensemble Classifier Based on Bootstrap Aggregating.” LINK

“Continuously measurement of the dry matter content using near-infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“A Rapid and Nondestructive Approach for the Classification of Different-Age Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium Using Portable Near Infrared Spectroscopy.” LINK

“Rapid identification of Lilium species and polysaccharide contents based on near infrared spectroscopy and weighted partial least square method.” LINK

“Near-infrared spectroscopy as a new method for post-harvest monitoring of white truffles” LINK

“Functional Classification of Feed Items in Pampa Grassland, Based on Their Near-Infrared Spectrum” LINK

“A Rapid and Nondestructive Approach for the Classification of Different-Age Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium Using Portable Near Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Rapid Prediction of Apparent Amylose, Total Starch, and Crude Protein by Near‐Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy for Foxtail Millet (Setaria italica)” LINK

“A novel CC-tSNE-SVR model for rapid determination of diesel fuel quality by near infrared spectroscopy” LINK




Raman Spectroscopy

“Differentiating cancer cells using Raman spectroscopy (Conference Presentation)” LINK




Hyperspectral Imaging (HSI)

“A deep learning based regression method on hyperspectral data for rapid prediction of cadmium residue in lettuce leaves” LINK

“Detection of fish fillet substitution and mislabeling using multimode hyperspectral imaging techniques” LINK

“Deep learning applied to hyperspectral endoscopy for online spectral classification” DOI:10.1038/s41598-020-60574-6 LINK

“Estimating leaf mercury content in Phragmites australis based on leaf hyperspectral reflectance” LINK

“A hyperspectral microscope based on a birefringent ultrastable common-path interferometer (Conference Presentation)” LINK




Chemometrics and Machine Learning

“Identification of invisible biological traces in forensic evidences by hyperspectral NIR imaging combined with chemometrics” LINK

“Sample selection, calibration and validation of models developed from a large dataset of near infrared spectra of tree leaves” Eucalyptus forage quality LINK

“Detection and Assessment of Nitrogen Effect on Cold Tolerance for Tea by Hyperspectral Reflectance with PLSR, PCR, and LM Models” LINK




Equipment for Spectroscopy

“Determination of soluble solids content in Prunus avium by Vis/NIR equipment using linear and non-linear regression methods” LINK

“Characterization of Deep Green Infection in Tobacco Leaves Using a Hand-Held Digital Light Projection Based Near-Infrared Spectrometer and an Extreme Learning …” LINK




Environment NIR-Spectroscopy Application

“An Evaluation of Citizen Science Smartphone Apps for Inland Water Quality Assessment” LINK




Agriculture NIR-Spectroscopy Usage

“Robustness of visible/near and midinfrared spectroscopic models to changes in the quantity and quality of crop residues in soil” LINK

“Complex Food Recognition using Hyper-Spectral Imagery” LINK

“Development of a compact multimodal imaging system for rapid characterisation of intrinsic optical properties of freshly excised tissue (Conference Presentation)” LINK




Horticulture NIR-Spectroscopy Applications

” The Effect of Spent Mushroom Substrate and Cow Slurry on Sugar Content and Digestibility of Alfalfa Grass Mixtures” LINK




Laboratory and NIR-Spectroscopy

“The influence analysis of reflectance anisotropy of canopy on the prediction accuracy of Cu stress based on laboratory multi-directional measurement” LINK

“UV Irradiation and Near Infrared Characterization of Laboratory Mars Soil Analog Samples: the case of Phthalic Acid, Adenosine 5′-Monophosphate, L-Glutamic Acid …” molecular biosignatures; spectroscopy; lifedetection LINK









Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #14, 2020

CalibrationModel.com

NIR User? Get better results faster | Food Science QC Lab Laboratory Manager chemist LabWork Chemie analytik LINK

NIR-Predictor Software supports spectral file formats out of the box from: and others – Mobile spectroscopy NIRS portable Analyzers H2020 LINK

Timesaving Calibration Modeling Method: for near-infrared NIR Spectroscopy (NIRS) Multivariate Quantitative Prediction. food quality laboratory LINK

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 13, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK

Spektroskopie und Chemometrie Neuigkeiten Wöchentlich 13, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spektroskopie MachineLearning Spektrometer IoT Sensor Nahinfrarot Chemie Analytik Analysentechnik Analysemethode Nahinfrarotspektroskopie Laboranalyse analytic LINK

Spettroscopia e Chemiometria Weekly News 13, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spettroscopia MachineLearning analisi chimica Spettrale Spettrometro Chem IoT Sensore Attrezzatura analitica Laboratorio analisi prova qualità Analysesystem QualityControl LINK

We have updated the free NIR-Predictor-Software Spectral Data format support list for many mobile and benchtop NIR Spectroscopy Sensors. | Used in QualityControl for Food Fruits Milk Meat LINK



This week’s NIR news Weekly is sponsored by Your-Company-Name-Here – NIR-spectrometers. Check out their product page … link

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Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)

“Aplicação da espectroscopia de reflectância no infravermelho próximo (NIRS) na determinação do potencial bioquímico de metano–Revisão” LINK

“Prediction of soil organic matter and clay contents by near-infrared spectroscopy-NIRS” LINK

“Fast detection and quantification of pork meat in other meats by reflectance FT-NIR spectroscopy and multivariate analysis” LINK

“Improved GA-SVM Algorithm and Its Application of NIR Spectroscopy in Orange Growing Location Identification” LINK

“Improved Deep CNN with Parameter Initialization for Data Analysis of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Sensors.” Tobacco LINK

“Data analysis on near infrared spectroscopy as a part of technology adoption for cocoa farmer in Aceh Province, Indonesia” LINK

“Improved Deep CNN with Parameter Initialization for Data Analysis of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Sensors” LINK

“Identification of a Glass Substrate to Study Cells Using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy: Are We Closer to Spectral Pathology?” LINK

“Raman-Infrared spectral fusion combined with partial least squares (PLS) for quantitative analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil” LINK

“Identification metliod of ginger-processed Pinelliaternata based on infrared spectroscopy data fusion.” LINK

“Terahertz Time of Flight Spectroscopy as a Coating Thickness Reference Method for Partial Least Squares Near Infrared Spectroscopy Models” LINK

“Quantitative detection of apple watercore and soluble solids content by near infrared transmittance spectroscopy” LINK




Hyperspectral

“Rapid Identification and Visualization of Jowl Meat Adulteration in Pork Using Hyperspectral Imaging.” LINK

“Hyperspectral monitoring of maize leaves under copper stress at different growth stages” LINK

“Classification of small-scale hyperspectral images with multi-source deep transfer learning” LINK




Chemometrics

“Detection of fat content in peanut kernels based on chemometrics and hyperspectral imaging technology” LINK

“Hyperspectral Imaging Feature Selection Using Regression Tree Algorithm: Prediction of Carotenoid Content Velvet Apple Leaf” LINK

“Modelos de calibración para la cuantificación nutricional de praderas frescas mediante espectroscopía de infrarojo cercano” LINK

“Performance Evaluation of Chemometric Prediction Models—Key Components of Wheat Grain” LINK




Equipment

“Rapid Nondestructive Analysis of Intact Canola Seeds Using a Handheld NearInfrared Spectrometer” LINK

“Confirmatory non-invasive and non-destructive differentiation between hemp and cannabis using a handheld Raman spectrometer” LINK




Process Control

“Monitoring of CO2 Absorption Solvent in Natural Gas Process Using Fourier Transform Near-Infrared Spectrometry” LINK




Environment

“Comparing laboratory and airborne hyperspectral data for the estimation and mapping of topsoil organic carbon: Feature selection coupled with random forest” LINK




Agriculture

“Predicting Forage Quality of Warm-Season Legumes by Near Infrared Spectroscopy Coupled with Machine Learning Techniques.” LINK

“Les défis de la technologie de l’aliment en nutrition volaille: pertinence et enjeux pour répondre aux attentes industrielles et sociétales” LINK

“CHANGES IN THE CONTENT OF STRUCTURAL CARBOHYDRATES AND LIGNIN IN THE BIOMASS OF Lolium multiflorum (Lam.) AFTER APPLYING SLURRY …” LINK

“Rapid Analysis of Alcohol Content During the Green Jujube Wine Fermentation by FT-NIR” LINK

“Spectral Analysis and Deconvolution of the Amide I Band of Proteins Presenting with High-Frequency Noise and Baseline Shifts” LINK




Petro

“Spectroscopic evidence of special intermolecular interaction in iodomethane-ethanol mixtures: the cooperative effect of halogen bonding, hydrogen bonding, and …” LINK




Pharma

“Defocused Spatially Offset Raman Spectroscopy in Media of Different Optical Properties for Biomedical Applications Using a Commercial Spatially Offset Raman Spectroscopy Device” LINK




Medicinal

“A single oral dose of beetroot-based gel does not improve muscle oxygenation parameters, but speeds up handgrip isometric strength recovery in recreational combat …” LINK




Other

“Spectral differentiation of oak wilt from foliar fungal disease and drought is correlated with physiological changes” LINK

“Wearing a headset containing both electroencephalography (EEG) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) sensors, the user simply imagines moving either his right hand, left hand, tongue or feet – and ASIMO makes a corresponding movement. ” BrainInterface LINK

KnowItAll Software / Spectral Libraries & ChemWindow are now part of Wiley Science Solutions. See press release: LINK

“The uses of near infra-red spectroscopy in postharvest decision support: A review” LINK





Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #1, 2020

CalibrationModel.com

Five Mistakes to avoid on Digitalization in NIR-Spectroscopy – that Lab Managers, Executives and CEOs must know! NIRSpectroscopy NIRS Sensors NearInfrared Analyzers DigitalTransformation QualityControl foodtech machinelearning AI datascience LINK

SAFE COST IN MAINTAINING NIR-SPECTROSCOPY METHODS | NIRSpectroscopy NIRS Spectroscopy DigitalTransformation Analysis Lab Laboratory Application Quantitative Analysis Methods Measurements Analytical Parameters Spectrometer Quality Accuracy LINK

Do you develop NIR / NIRS calibrations by yourself? Can you sell it? No? Buy it! Digitalization LabManager LabAutomation CEO Digitalisation Spectroscopy AutoML LowCost lowerCost SaveMoney SaveTime Efficiency Effectivity LINK

5 Fehler, die es bei der Digitalisierung in der NIR-Spektroskopie zu vermeiden gilt – das müssen Labormanager, Führungskräfte und CEOs wissen! NIRSpectroscopy NIRS Sensor NearInfrared Analyzers DigitalTransformation foodtech machinelearning LINK

Spectroscopy & Chemometrics News Weekly 52, 2019 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Food Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality Check LINK

Spectroscopy & Chemometrics News Weekly 51, 2019 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory AI Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK

This week’s NIR news Weekly is sponsored by Your-Company-Name-Here – NIR-spectrometers. Check out their product page … link

Get the Chemometrics and Spectroscopy News in real time on Twitter @ CalibModel and follow us.



Near Infrared

“Estimation and classification of popping expansion capacity in popcorn breeding programs using NIR spectroscopy” LINK

“Simultaneous detection of quality and safety in spinach plants using a new generation of NIRS sensors” LINK

“Identification of Genuine and Adulterated Pinellia ternata by Mid-Infrared (MIR) and Near-Infrared (NIR) Spectroscopy with Partial Least Squares – Discriminant …” LINK

“Monitoring coffee roasting cracks and predicting with in situ near-infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Assessment of a soil fertility index using visible and near-infrared spectroscopy in the rice paddy region of southern China” LINK

“Conversion of the Felixton Mill laboratory from conventional to NIRS analysis.” LINK

“Automatic cancer discrimination based on near-infrared spectrum and class-modeling technique” LINK

“Food powders classification using handheld Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Support Vector Machine” LINK

“Development and validation of a method for separation of pregabalin and gabapentin capsules using Near Infrared hyperspectral imaging” LINK

“Field-resolved infrared spectroscopy of biological systems” Nature LINK

“Infrared spectroscopy finally sees the light” nature LINK

“Journal Highlight: Estimation of protein and fatty acid composition in shellintact cottonseed by near Infrared reflectance spectroscopy” LINK

” Visible/near-infrared Spectroscopy as a Novel Technology for Nondestructive Detection of Escherichia coli ATCC 8739 in Lettuce Samples” LINK

“The model updating based on near infrared spectroscopy for the sex identification of silkworm pupae from different varieties by a semi-supervised learning with pre …” LINK

“… Study on the Determination of ppm-Level Concentration of Histamine in Tuna Fish Using a Dry Extract System for Infrared Coupled with Near-Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK




Raman

“Transmission Raman Spectroscopic Quantification of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient in Coated Tablets of Hot-Melt Extruded Amorphous Solid Dispersion” LINK




Hyperspectral

“Plastic waste monitoring and recycling by hyperspectral imaging technology” LINK

“Comparison of Ink Classification Capabilities of Classic Hyperspectral Similarity Features” LINK




Chemometrics

“DEVELOPING NEAR INFRARED SPECTROSCOPIC MODELS FOR PREDICTING DENSITY OF Eucalyptus WOOD BASED ON INDIRECT MEASUREMENT” LINK

“Development of Partial Least Square (PLS) Prediction Model to Measure the Ripeness of Oil Palm Fresh Fruit Bunch (FFB) by Using NIR Spectroscopy” LINK




Facts

“Bombs and cocaine: detecting nefarious nitrogen sources using remote sensing and machine learning” LINK




Agriculture

“Laboratory-based hyperspectral image analysis for the classification of soil texture” LINK

“Research on simultaneous detection of SSC and FI of blueberry based on hyperspectral imaging combined MS-SPA” LINK

“Polymers, Vol. 12, Pages 78: Insight into the Intermolecular Interaction and Free Radical Polymerizability of Methacrylates in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide” LINK

“Optimizing the procedure of grain nutrient predictions in barley via hyperspectral imaging.” LINK




Other

“绿泥石矿物近红外光谱吸收谱带的位移机理与控制机制研究” LINK

“Spektroskopie – Unverwechselbarer molekularer Fingerabdruck” LINK





Cost comparison / Price comparison of Chemometrics / Machine Learning / Data Science for NIR-Spectroscopy

Reduce Operating Costs and Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of NIR-Spectroscopy (NIRS) in the Digitalization Age.
NIR-Spectroscopy (NIRS) - Reduce cost, Increase revenue
Reduce Cost by automated NIR development.
Increase Revenue by higher accuracy NIR results.


CalibrationModel.com (CM) versus Others

Costs are not everything, there are other important factors listed in the table.

CM fix € pricing (approx.) Others € Price Range (approx.)
Software
included
Chemometric Package not‑needed
€3500 – €6500 per user
Chemometric Predictor
free‑software
€1500 – €2500 per NIR device
Knowledge
included
Chemometric Training not‑needed
€1500 – €2500 per user
Chemometrician* Salary not‑needed
1 years Salary / year
(+ risk of Employee Turnover)
Computation
included
Powerful Computer (many Processors, lot of RAM for big data) not‑needed
€1500 – €4500 per computer
Development and Usage
Development of a Calibration
€128
€80 – €150 / hour
of Chemometrician* using a Chemometric Software (click and wait) and applying it’s knowledge
Usage of a Calibration
€60 / year
Total €178 in first year
€60 in second year
initial (min €8000 , max €15500)
+ 2 * (2 – 4)(hour to cost same! as CM service) * (€80 – €150) Chemometrician* work
no initial cost
very high initial costs
no personnel cost
high personnel* costs
constant CM services
risk of Employee Turnover
global knowledge
risk of only use personal knowledge
easy to calculate fix cost on demand
difficult to calculate variable cost on demand plus Chemometrician* Recruitment needed
Results :
calibration prediction performance
always reproducible highly optimized
only as good as your Chemometrician* daily condition
better prediction performance, due to best-of 10’000x calibrations
small size of experiments, non-optimal calibrations

See also: pricing

Start Calibrate

*) Personnel / Chemometrician / Data Scientist / Data Analyst / Machine Learning Engineer : We are not against it, we are one of them a long time ago, but the way the work is done is changing (see below).

2019 Digitalization and the Future of Work: Macroeconomic Consequences
2019 The Digitalization of the American Workforce
2017 Digitalization and the American workforce , full-report

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #38, 2019

CalibrationModel.com

New: free NIR-Predictor V2.4 supports file formats out of the box from: @TIDLP @ViaviSolutions @OceanOpticsEMEA @my_scio @SiWareSystems @SpectralEngines @trinamiX_GmbH @StellarNet – Mobile NIRS portable NIR2019 NIR2020 Analyzers LINK

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 37, 2019 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy Chemometrics Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software Sensors QA QC Testing Quality Checking LINK

Spektroskopie und Chemometrie Neuigkeiten Wöchentlich 37, 2019 | NIRS NIR Spektroskopie Chemometrie Spektrometer Sensor Nahinfrarot Chemie Analytik Analysengeräte Analysentechnik Analysemethode Nahinfrarotspektroskopie Laboranalyse LINK

Spettroscopia e Chemiometria Weekly News 37, 2019 | NIRS NIR Spettroscopia Chemiometria analisi chimica Spettrale Spettrometro Chem Sensore Attrezzatura analitica Laboratorio analisi prova qualità Analysesystem prediction models LINK

This week’s NIR news Weekly is sponsored by your-Company-Name-here – Best-NIR-instruments. Check out their product page … link




Chemometrics

“Potential biomonitoring of atmospheric carbon dioxide in Coffea arabica leaves using near-infrared spectroscopy and partial least squares discriminant analysis” LINK

“Quantitative Real-Time Release Testing of Rhubarb based on Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Method Validation” LINK

“Identification of lactic acid bacteria Enterococcus and Lactococcus by near-infrared spectroscopy and multivariate classification” LINK

“Determination of manganese content in cottonseed meal using near-infrared spectrometry and multivariate calibration” LINK

“Advanced Modeling of Soil Biological Properties Using Visible Near Infrared Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy” |:ijbs1&volume=5&issue=1&article=001 LINK

“山茶油中油酸和亚油酸近红外光谱分析模型” “Analysis Model of Oleic and Linoleic Acids in Camellia Oilvia Near-Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Determination of 10-Hydroxy-2-Decenoic Acid of Royal Jelly Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Combined with Chemometrics.” LINK

“Predicting of the Quality Attributes of Orange Fruit Using Hyperspectral Images” LINK

“Rapid and Automatic Classification of Tobacco Leaves Using a Hand-Held DLP-Based NIR Spectroscopy Device” LINK

“Association of mid-infrared-predicted milk and blood constituents with early-lactation disease, removal, and production outcomes in Holstein cows” |(19)30787-8/fulltext LINK

“Machine learning and soil sciences: A review aided by machine learning tools” LINK




Near Infrared

“Soil characterization using Visible Near Infrared Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy (VNIR DRS)” LINK

“Quantification of soil organic carbon stock in urban soils using visible and near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (VNIRS) in situ or in laboratory conditions” LINK

“Assessment of the human albumin in acid precipitation process using NIRS and multi-variable selection methods combined with SPA” LINK

” Implementación de estrategias de muestreo, inspección y control en la industria agroalimentaria basadas en el empleo automatizado de sensores nirs” LINK

“Determination of glucose concentration in aqueous solution using FT NIR spectroscopy” LINK

“Near infrared spectroscopy for world food security” LINK

“Titanium dioxide as an adsorbent to enhance the detection ability of near-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy” LINK

“Near-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for discriminating fruit and vegetable products preserved in glass containers” LINK

“Ability of near-infrared spectroscopy for non-destructive detection of internal insect infestation in fruits: Meta-analysis of spectral ranges and optical measurement …” LINK

“Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 3268: Near-Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging Combined with Deep Learning to Identify Cotton Seed Varieties” LINK

“Improvement of the Fourier Transform Near Infrared Method to Evaluate Extra Virgin Olive Oils by Analyzing 1,2-Diacylglycerols and 1,3-Diacylglycerols and Adding Unesterified Fatty Acids.” LINK




Agriculture

“51 Feedstuff fatty acid content, variation, techniques and implications on practical animal nutrition” LINK

“Prediction of Milk Coagulation Properties and Individual Cheese Yield in Sheep Using Partial Least Squares Regression” Animals LINK




Food & Feed

“Classifying the fertility of dairy cows using milk mid-infrared spectroscopy” LINK