Spectroscopy and Chemometrics/Machine-Learning News Weekly #1, 2022

NIR Calibration-Model Services

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 52, 2021 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK




Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)

“Wide band UV/Vis/NIR blazed-binary reflective gratings: two lithographic techniques investigation” LINK

“Scanning interferometric near-infrared spectroscopy for imaging of adult human forehead blood flow dynamics” LINK

“Near-infrared spectroscopy in process control and quality management of fruits and wine” LINK

“Potential of Vis-NIR to measure heavy metals in different varieties of organic-fertilizers using Boruta and deep belief network” LINK

“Quantification of Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), and Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy and Multivariate Calibration in High …” LINK

“Development of NIRS re-calibration model for ethiopian barley (Hordeum vulgare) lines traits to determine their brewing potential” LINK

“Near-infrared spectroscopy of blood plasma with chemometrics towards HIV discrimination during pregnancy” LINK




Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR)

“Nondestructive evaluation of the biogenic amine in crayfish (Prokaryophyllus clarkii) by nearinfrared spectroscopy” LINK




Raman Spectroscopy

“Quantitative age grading of mosquitoes using surfaceenhanced Raman spectroscopy” LINK




Hyperspectral Imaging (HSI)

“Moisture transport dynamics in wood during drying studied by long-wave near-infrared hyperspectral imaging” | LINK

“In-line monitoring of the residual moisture in impregnated black textile fabrics by hyperspectral imaging” LINK

“Hyperspectral imaging approach for the identification of construction and demolition waste from earthquake sites” LINK




Chemometrics and Machine Learning

“Class-modelling of overlapping classes. A two-step authentication approach” LINK

“Machine learning and chemometrics for electrochemical sensors: moving forward to the future of analytical chemistry” LINK




Research on Spectroscopy

“Synthesis of the Zn1. 9Cu0. 1SiO4 pigment via the sol-gel and coprecipitation methods” | LINK

“Portable vibrational spectroscopic methods can discriminate between grass-fed and grain-fed beef” LINK

“Polydimethylsiloxane tissue-mimicking phantoms with tunable optical properties” LINK

“Biocompatible POSS-gold nanocomposites synthesized by laser ablation in ethanol” LINK




Equipment for Spectroscopy

“Ultra-broadband, high-resolution microdroplet spectrometers for the Near Infrared” LINK

“Non-destructive determination of color, titratable acidity, and dry matter in intact tomatoes using a portable Vis-NIR spectrometer” LINK

“Diffuse Reflectance Illumination Module Improvements in Near-Infrared Spectrometer for Heterogeneous Sample Analysis” LINK




Agriculture NIR-Spectroscopy Usage

“Detection of soybean oil adulteration in cow ghee (clarified milk fat): An ultrafast study using flash gas chromatography electronic nose coupled with multivariate chemometrics” LINK

“Non-lipid-rich low attenuation plaque with intraplaque haemorrhage assessed by multimodality imaging: a case report” LINK




Horticulture NIR-Spectroscopy Applications

“Hyperspectral imaging and machine learning for the prediction of SSC in kiwi fruits” LINK




Food & Feed Industry NIR Usage

“Animals : Measurements of Chemical Compositions in Corn Stover and Wheat Straw by Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy” LINK

“Contrasting effects of biochar-and organic fertilizer-amendment on community compositions of nitrifiers and denitrifiers in a wheat-maize rotation system” LINK




Other

“Single Crystals Heterogeneity Impacts the Intrinsic and Extrinsic Properties of MetalOrganic Frameworks” LINK

“基于高光谱数据研究应用近红外相机加装滤光片实现玉米叶片水分测量的关键参数” LINK

“Geochemical analysis and spectral characteristics of oil shale deposits in Wadi Abu Ziad, Western Irbid, Jordan” | LINK

” 可见光-近红外, 中红外光谱的土壤有机质组分反演” LINK

“Measurement of Somatic Cell Count in the 700-1,100 nm Short Wavelength Region: Comparison of At-Line and On-Line Measurement Modes” |(91)78179-4 LINK



Spectroscopy and Chemometrics/Machine-Learning News Weekly #45, 2021


NIR Calibration-Model Services

Get the Spectroscopy and Chemometrics / Machine-Learning News Weekly in real time on Twitter Twitter @ CalibModel and follow us.



Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 44, 2021 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK

This week’s NIR news Weekly is sponsored by Your-Company-Name-Here – NIR-spectrometers. Check out their product page … link


Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)

“Study on Characteristic Wavelength Extraction Method for Near Infrared Spectroscopy Identification Based on Genetic Algorithm” LINK

“Uji Karakteristik Biochar dengan Pendekatan Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)” LINK

“Establishment of online quantitative model for moisture content determination of hydroxychloroquine sulfate particles by near infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Nondestructive detection model of soluble solids content of an apple using visible/near-infrared spectroscopy combined with CARS and MPGA” LINK

“Detecting cadmium contamination in loessal soils using near-infrared spectroscopy in the Xiaoqinling gold area” LINK

“Egg Freshness Evaluation Using Transmission and Reflection of NIR Spectroscopy Coupled Multivariate Analysis” LINK

“Determination of Alcohol Content in Beers of Different Styles Based on Portable Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Multivariate Calibration” | LINK

“Analysing the Water Spectral Pattern by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Chemometrics as a Dynamic Multidimensional Biomarker in Preservation: Rice Germ …” LINK

“Remote Sensing : The Application of NIRS to Determine Animal Physiological Traits for Wildlife Management and Conservation” LINK

“Wavelength selection method for near-infrared spectroscopy based on standard-sample calibration transfer of mango and apple” LINK

“A portable NIR-system for mixture powdery food analysis using deep learning” LINK




Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR)

“Compositional and sensory quality of beef and its determination by near infrared” LINK

“Butyrylcholinesterase responsive supramolecular prodrug with targeted nearinfrared cellular imaging property” LINK




Raman Spectroscopy

“Quantitative analysis of binary and ternary organo-mineral solid dispersions by Raman spectroscopy for robotic planetary exploration missions on Mars” | OpenAccess LINK




Hyperspectral Imaging (HSI)

“A shallow network for hyperspectral image classification using an autoencoder with convolutional neural network” | LINK

“Hyperspectral camera development on an unmanned aerial vehicle” LINK

“Direct reflectance transformation methodology for drone-based hyperspectral imaging” LINK




Spectral Imaging

“Remote Sensing : Application of Multispectral Camera in Monitoring the Quality Parameters of Fresh Tea Leaves” LINK




Chemometrics and Machine Learning

“Sensors : Adaboost-Based Machine Learning Improved the Modeling Robust and Estimation Accuracy of Pear Leaf Nitrogen Concentration by In-Field VIS-NIR Spectroscopy” LINK

“Discrimination of Manufacturers Origin of Oxytetracycline Using Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy with Chemometric Methods” LINK




Spectroscopy

“Sensors : Non-Invasive Monitoring of Ethanol and Methanol Levels in Grape-Derived Pisco Distillate by Vibrational Spectroscopy” LINK




Equipment for Spectroscopy

“Improving the thermoelectric performances of polymer via synchronously realizing of chemical doping and side-chain cleavage” LINK




Environment NIR-Spectroscopy Application

“Determining physical and mechanical volcanic rock properties via reflectance spectroscopy” LINK

“Unauthorized landfills of solid household and industrial wastes detection in the Arctic and Subarctic territories using remote sensing technologies” LINK

“Evaluating the effects of distinct water saturation states on the light penetration depths of sand-textured soils” LINK




Agriculture NIR-Spectroscopy Usage

“Sorghum Grains Grading for Food, Feed, and Fuel Using NIR Spectroscopy” LINK

“Estimation of leaf area index at the late growth stage of crops using unmanned aerial vehicle hyperspectral images” LINK

“Analysis of Spectral Reflectance Characteristics Using Hyperspectral Sensor at Diverse Phenological Stages of Soybeans” LINK




Horticulture NIR-Spectroscopy Applications

“Data fusion for fruit quality authentication: combining non-destructive sensing techniques to predict quality parameters of citrus cultivars” | LINK




Food & Feed Industry NIR Usage

“Buckwheat Identification by Combined UV-VIS-NIR Spectroscopy and Multivariate Analysis” LINK




Other

“Effect of the annealing temperature on the growth of the silver nanoparticles synthesized by physical route” LINK



Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #9, 2021

NIR Calibration-Model Services

How to Develop Chemometric Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Calibrations in the 21st Century? LINK

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 8, 2021 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK

Spektroskopie und Chemometrie Neuigkeiten Wöchentlich 8, 2021 | NIRS NIR Spektroskopie MachineLearning Spektrometer IoT Sensor Nahinfrarot Chemie Analytik Analysengeräte Analysentechnik Analysemethode Nahinfrarotspektroskopie Laboranalyse LINK

Spettroscopia e Chemiometria Weekly News 8, 2021 | NIRS NIR Spettroscopia MachineLearning analisi chimica Spettrale Spettrometro Chem IoT Sensore Attrezzatura analitica Laboratorio analisi prova qualità Analysesystem QualityControl LINK

This week’s NIR news Weekly is sponsored by Your-Company-Name-Here – NIR-spectrometers. Check out their product page … link

Get the Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly in real time on Twitter @ CalibModel and follow us.




Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)

” Profiling Mannheimia haemolytica infection in dairy calves using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and multivariate analysis (MVA)” LINK

“Feasibility of Using VIS/NIR Spectroscopy and Multivariate Analysis for Pesticide Residue Detection in Tomatoes” LINK

“Prediction of Physicochemical Properties in Honeys with Portable Near-Infrared (microNIR) Spectroscopy Combined with Multivariate Data Processing” LINK

“Monitoring the Bacterial Response to Antibiotic and Time Growth Using Near-infrared Spectroscopy Combined with MachineLearning” LINK

“Reducing the Moisture Effect and Improving the Prediction of Soil Organic Matter With VIS-NIR Spectroscopy in Black Soil Area” LINK

“Nirs tools for prediction of main extractives compounds of teak (Tectona grandis L.) heartwood” LINK




Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR)

“Using near-infrared spectroscopy to determine moisture content, gel strength, and viscosity of gelatin” LINK

“Forensic potentiality of near-infrared in the geographical discrimination of Astrocaryum aculeatum Oil” LINK

“Anomaly detection during milk processing by autoencoder neural network based on near-infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Infrared Spectroscopy of Blood” LINK

“Using a Portable Near-infrared Spectroscopy Device to Estimate The Second Ventilatory Threshold.” LINK

“Prediction of Specialty Coffee Flavors Based on NearInfrared Spectra Using Machine and Deep Learning Methods” LINK

“Applications of near infrared spectroscopy for fish and fish products quality: a review” LINK

“Prediction of Diet Quality in Mongolian Livestock with Portable near Infrared Spectroscopy Offeces” LINK

“Application of Fourier Transform Near-infrared Spectroscopy combined with Gas Chromatograpy in rapid and simultaneous determination of essential components in …” LINK

“Evaluation of swelling properties and drug release from mechanochemical pre-gelatinized glutinous rice starch matrix tablets by near infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Rapid Screening of Mentha spicata Essential Oil and l-Menthol in Mentha piperita Essential Oil by ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy Coupled with Multivariate Analyses” LINK

“Application of Fourier transform near-infrared spectroscopy combined with GC in rapid and simultaneous determination of essential components in Amomum villosum.” LINK

“A Hybrid Variable Selection Strategy of Near Infrared Spectroscopy for Detection the Ratio of Tea Polyphenols to Amino Acids in Green Tea Infusion” LINK




Hyperspectral Imaging (HSI)

“Identification of Weeds Based on Hyperspectral Imaging and Machine Learning” | LINK

“AI-based hyperspectral and VOCs assessment approach to identify adulterated extra virgin olive oil” | LINK




Chemometrics and Machine Learning

“Trends in artificial intelligence, machine learning, and chemometrics applied to chemical data” LINK

“Detection of camellia oil adulteration using chemometrics based on fatty acids GC fingerprints and phytosterols GC-MS fingerprints” LINK

“Exploring two-trace two-dimensional (2T2D) correlation spectroscopy as an effective approach to improve accuracy of discriminant analysis by highlighting asynchronous features in two separate spectra of a sample” LINK

“Self-Cleaning-Mediated SERS Chip Coupled Chemometric Algorithms for Detection and Photocatalytic Degradation of Pesticides in Food” LINK

“Chemometrics and Experimental Design for the Quantification of Nitrate Salts in Nitric Acid: Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Absorption Analysis” LINK




Agriculture NIR-Spectroscopy Usage

“Biochemical methane potential prediction for mixed feedstocks of straw and manure in anaerobic co-digestion” LINK

” Effective Quantification of Tannin Content in Sorghum Grains Using Near-infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Continuous blending monitored and feedback controlled by machine vision-based PAT tool.” LINK

“Near-Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging Spectroscopy to Detect Microplastics and Pieces of Plastic in Almond Flour” | in-almond-flour LINK




Horticulture NIR-Spectroscopy Applications

“Fast, simultaneous and contactless assessment of intact mango fruit by means of near infrared spectroscopy [J]” LINK




Food & Feed Industry NIR Usage

“Predictive Ability of Four SmallScale Quality Tests for Dough Rheological Properties and Baking Quality in Hard Red Spring Wheat” LINK

“Improved prediction of minced pork meat chemical properties with near-infrared spectroscopy by a fusion of scatter- correction techniques” LINK




Laboratory and NIR-Spectroscopy

“Improving performance: a collaborative strategy for the multi-data fusion of electronic nose and hyperspectral to track the quality difference of rice” LINK




Other

“Effect of different levels of fertilization on bean biochemical composition in Coffea arabica cv. Rubi” LINK





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Digitization in the field of NIR spectroscopy (smart sensors)

Digitalization is advancing, also in NIR spectroscopy, which enables trainable miniature smart sensors e.g. for analyses in the food&feed, chemical and pharmaceutical sectors.

The calibration is the core of a NIR spectroscopy sensor, it enables the numerous applications and should therefore not be the weakest link in the measurement chain.

The development of calibrations that turn NIR spectrometers into smart sensors is done manually by experts (NIR specialist, chemometrician, data scientist) with so-called chemometrics software.

This is very time-consuming (time to market) and the result is person-dependent and thus suboptimal, because each expert has his own preferred way of proceeding. In addition, the calibrations have to be maintained, as new data has been collected in the meantime, which can be used to extend and improve the calibrations.

This is where our automated service comes in, combining the knowledge and good practices of NIR spectroscopy and chemometrics collected in one software and using machine learning to generate optimal calibrations.

Based on this, we have developed a complete technology platform (Time to Market) that covers the entire process from sending NIR + Lab data, to NIR Calibration as a Service, from online purchase of calibrations, to NIR Predictor software that directly evaluates newly measured NIR data locally and generates result reports.

Besides the free desktop version with user interface, the NIR Predictor can also be integrated (OEM). This can be integrated in parallel as a complement to your current Predictor, allowing the user to choose how they want to calibrate. And give them the advantage in NIR feasibility studies and NIR spectrometer evaluations to quickly provide the customer with a solid and accurate calibration that will make their NIR system deliver better results.

Advantages for your NIR users (internal or external)
  • no initial costs (no chemometrics software license required),
  • calculable operating costs (fixed amount instead of time and hourly rate) (calibration development, calibration maintenance)
  • easy to use (no chemometrics and software training),
  • quicker to use (no calibration development work) and
  • better calibrations (precision, accuracy, robustness, …)


Our chargeable service is based on the calibration development and the annual calibration use. Calibration development and calibration use can also be carried out separately (manufacturer / user).

For you as a spectrometer manufacturer, this means that you can deliver your system pre-calibrated for certain applications without incurring software license costs. And without your application specialists having to provide additional calibration services.

The unique advantages of our calibration service together with the free NIR Predictor are:
  • no software license costs (chemometrics software, predictor software, OEM integration)
  • no chemometrics know-how necessary
  • no time needed to develop optimal NIR calibrations.


If interested in using/evaluating the service :

About CalibrationModel.com : Time and knowledge intensive creation and optimization of chemometric evaluation methods for spectrometers as a service to enable more accurate analysis and measurement results.



see also

Paradigm Change in NIR

Five Mistakes to avoid on Digitalization in NIR

NIR – Total cost of ownership (TCO)

OEM / White Label Software

White Paper



Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #35, 2020

NIR Calibration-Model Services

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 34, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK

This week’s NIR news Weekly is sponsored by Your-Company-Name-Here – NIR-spectrometers. Check out their product page … link

Get the Chemometrics and Spectroscopy News in real time on Twitter @ CalibModel and follow us.




Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)

“Modelos NIRS para as características químicas da madeira de Eucalyptus benthamii Maiden & Cambage” LINK

“Application of in situ near infra-red spectroscopy (NIRS) for monitoring biopharmaceuticals production by cell cultures” LINK

“Using the NIRS for analyzes of soil clay content” LINK

“Determination of compost maturity using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)” LINK

“Screening Risk Assessment of Agricultural Areas under a High Level of Anthropopressure Based on Chemical Indexes and VIS-NIR Spectroscopy” LINK

“… an algorithm for processing Red Green Blue (RGB) images for the estimation of crude protein in grasses vs Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy Technology (NIRS …” LINK

“Monitoring of cheese maturation using near infrared-hyperspectral imaging (NIR-HIS)” LINK

“Selection of sugarcane clones via multivariate models using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy data” LINK




Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR)

“Rapid and simultaneous analysis of multiple wine quality indicators through near-infrared spectroscopy with twice optimization for wavelength model” LINK

“Manuka honey adulteration detection based on near-infrared spectroscopy combined with aquaphotomics” LINK

” Identification of Marine Fish Taxa by Linear Discriminant Analysis of Reflection Spectra in the Near-Infrared Region” LINK

“Assessment of Intact Macadamia Nut Internal Defects Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Rational design of near-infrared platinum(ii)-acetylide conjugated polymers for photoacoustic imaging-guided synergistic phototherapy under 808 nm irradiation.” LINK

“Classification of fish species from different ecosystems using the near infrared diffuse reflectance spectra of otoliths” LINK

“Three new Amazonian species of Myrcia sect. Myrcia (Myrtaceae) based on morphology and near-infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Rapid Online Determination of Feed Concentration in Nitroguanidine Spray Drying Process by Near Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK




Raman Spectroscopy

“Monitoring the Caustic Dissolution of Aluminum Alloy in a Radiochemical Hot Cell Using Raman Spectroscopy” LINK




Hyperspectral Imaging (HSI)

“Hyperspectral Imaging and Deep Learning for Food Safety Assessment” LINK




Chemometrics and Machine Learning

“Rapid and Nondestructive Freshness Determination of Tilapia Fillets by a Portable Near-Infrared Spectrometer Combined with Chemometrics Methods” LINK

“Non-Targeted Detection of Adulterants in Almond Powder Using Spectroscopic Techniques Combined with Chemometrics.” LINK




Environment NIR-Spectroscopy Application

“Mobile Proximal Sensing with Visible and Near Infrared Spectroscopy for Digital Soil Mapping” LINK




Agriculture NIR-Spectroscopy Usage

“Imaging Techniques for Chicken Products Detection” LINK

“Usage of visual and near-infrared spectroscopy to predict soil properties in forest stands” LINK

“NUTRIENT CONTENT OF SOYBEAN MEAL FROM DIFFERENT ORIGINS BASED ON NEAR INFRARED REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY” LINK

“Robustness of visible near-infrared and mid-infrared spectroscopic models to changes in the quantity and quality of crop residues in soil” LINK

“Use of leaf hyperspectral data and different regression models to estimate photosynthetic parameters (Vcmax and Jmax) in three different row crops” LINK

“Rapid and direct detection of small microplastics in aquatic samples by a new near infrared hyperspectral imaging (NIR-HSI) method” LINK




Horticulture NIR-Spectroscopy Applications

“Prediction of Soluble Solids Content During Storage of Apples with Different Maturity Based on VIS/NIR Spectroscopy” LINK

“A new spectral pretreatment method for detecting soluble solids content of pears using Vis/NIR spectroscopy” LINK

“Research on the Performance of Juicy Peach Sugar Content Detection Model Based on Near Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK




Forestry and Wood Industry NIR Usage

“The Effect of Construction and Demolition Waste Plastic Fractions on Wood-Polymer Composite Properties” LINK




Food & Feed Industry NIR Usage

“Non-destructive Assessment of Flesh Firmness and Dietary Antioxidants of Greenhouse-grown Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) at Different Fruit Maturity Stages” LINK

“Comparative analysis of rice seed viability detection based on different spectral bands” LINK

“Detection of chocolate powder adulteration with peanut using near-infrared hyperspectral imaging and Multivariate Curve Resolution” LINK





Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #26, 2020

NIR Calibration-Model Services

Get the new Free NIR-Predictor V2.6 software – Reads and predicts *.spc spectra file format (Thermo-Scientific / Galactic GRAMS) – Spectra Plots on the Prediction Reports NIRS NIR Spectroscopy Spectrometer QualityControl Laboratory Food Analysis LINK

Pro Tip: The NIR calibration is the central key to accurate NIR measurement | NIRS LINK

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 25, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK

Spektroskopie und Chemometrie Neuigkeiten Wöchentlich 25, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spektroskopie MachineLearning Spektrometer IoT Sensor Nahinfrarot Chemie Analytik Analysengeräte Analysentechnik Analysemethode Nahinfrarotspektroskopie Laboranalyse LINK

Spettroscopia e Chemiometria Weekly News 25, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spettroscopia MachineLearning analisi chimica Spettrale Spettrometro Chem IoT Sensore Attrezzatura analitica Laboratorio analisi prova qualità Analysesystem QualityControl LINK




Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)

“Study on Detection Methods for Frying Times of Soybean Oil Based on NIRS” LINK

“Non-destructive Detection the Content of Acid Detergent Fiber in Corn Stalk Using NIRS” LINK

“Differentiation of South African Game Meat Using Near-Infrared (NIR) Spectroscopy and Hierarchical Modelling” LINK

“Changes in chemical components with NIR spectroscopy and durability of samama wood treated with boron, methyl methacrylate and heat treatment” LINK

“NIR spectroscopy application for determination caffeine content of Arabica green bean coffee” LINK

“Principle Component Analysis (PCA)-Classification of Arabica green bean coffee of North Sumatera Using FT–NIRS” LINK

“Prediction of water content in Lintong green bean coffee using FT-NIRS and PLS method” LINK




Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR)

“Detection of aflatoxin B1 on corn kernel surfaces using visible-near infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Soil NPK Levels Characterization Using Near Infrared and Artificial Neural Network” LINK

“Rapid and Non-destructive Detecting Frying Times of Peanut Oil Based on Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy” LINK

“Biosensors, Vol. 10, Pages 41: Rapid Nondestructive Detection of Water Content and Granulation in Postharvest Shatian Pomelo Using Visible/Near-Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

” Estimation of moisture in wood chips by Near Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Nondestructive determination of lignin content in Korla fragrant pear based on near-infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Near-infrared spectroscopy of the placenta for monitoring fetal oxygenation during labour.” LINK

“Confirmation of brand identification in infant formulas by near-infrared spectroscopy fingerprints” LINK

“Application of near-infrared hyperspectral imaging to identify a variety of silage maize seeds and common maize seeds” LINK

“Protein, weight, and oil prediction by single-seed near-infrared spectroscopy for selection of seed quality and yield traits in pea (Pisum sativum).” phenotyping LINK

“Estimating δ15N and δ13C in Barley and Pea Mixtures Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy with Genetic Algorithm Based Partial Least Squares Regression” LINK




Raman Spectroscopy

“Diagnosis of Citrus Greening using Raman Spectroscopy-Based Pattern Recognition” LINK




Hyperspectral Imaging (HSI)

“Germination Prediction of Sugar Beet Seeds Based on HSI and SVM-RBF” LINK

“Diagnosis of Late Blight of Potato Leaves Based on Deep Learning Hyperspectral Images” LINK

“Rapid detection of quality index of postharvest fresh tea leaves using hyperspectral imaging.” LINK

“Applied Sciences, Vol. 10, Pages 2259: Hyperspectral Inversion Model of Chlorophyll Content in Peanut Leaves” LINK




Chemometrics and Machine Learning

“Spectroscopic techniques combined with chemometrics for fast on-site characterization of suspected illegal antimicrobials” LINK

“Comparison of CNN Algorithms on Hyperspectral Image Classification in Agricultural Lands” LINK




Research on Spectroscopy

“Lanthanide complexes with N-(2, 6-dimethylphenyl) oxamate: Synthesis, characterisation and cytotoxicity” LINK




Equipment for Spectroscopy

“Monitoring wine fermentation deviations using an ATR-MIR spectrometer and MSPC charts” LINK




Agriculture NIR-Spectroscopy Usage

“Rapid Measurement of Soybean Seed Viability Using Kernel-Based Multispectral Image Analysis” LINK

“Remote Sensing, Vol. 12, Pages 1256: Crop Separability from Individual and Combined Airborne Imaging Spectroscopy and UAV Multispectral Data” LINK

“Portable IoT NIR Spectrometer for Detecting Undesirable Substances in Forages of Dairy Farms” LINK




Food & Feed Industry NIR Usage

“Prediction of infertile chicken eggs before hatching by the Naïve-Bayes method combined with visible near infrared transmission spectroscopy” LINK

“Statistical Analysis of Protein Content in Wheat Germplasm Based on Near-infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy” LINK




Other

“On-Site Identification of the Material Composition of PV Modules with Mobile Spectroscopic Devices” LINK





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Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #22, 2020

NIR Calibration-Model Services

New Free NIR-Predictor V2.6 software is released – Reads and predicts *.spc spectra file format (Thermo-Scientific / Galactic GRAMS) – Spectra Plots on the Prediction Reports NIRS NIR Spectroscopy Spectrometer QualityControl Lab Laboratory Analysis LINK
Spectra Plot


Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 21, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software IoT Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK

Spektroskopie und Chemometrie Neuigkeiten Wöchentlich 21, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spektroskopie MachineLearning Spektrometer IoT Sensor Nahinfrarot Chemie Analytik Analysengeräte Analysentechnik Analysemethode Nahinfrarotspektroskopie Laboranalyse LINK

Spettroscopia e Chemiometria Weekly News 21, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spettroscopia MachineLearning analisi chimica Spettrale Spettrometro Chem IoT Sensore Attrezzatura analitica Laboratorio analisi prova qualità Analysesystem QualityControl LINK




Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS)

“NIR spectroscopy application for determination caffeine content of Arabica green bean coffee” LINK

“Review of NIR spectroscopy methods for nondestructive quality analysis of oilseeds and edible oils” LINK

“Omega-3 and Omega-6 Determination in Nile Tilapia’s Fillet Based on MicroNIR Spectroscopy and Multivariate Calibration” LINK

“Determination of metmyoglobin in cooked tan mutton using Vis/NIR hyperspectral imaging system” LINK

“Prediction of water content in Lintong green bean coffee using FT-NIRS and PLS method” LINK

Discrimination of legal and illegal Cannabis spp. according to European legislation using near infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics. LINK

“A system using in situ NIRS sensors for the detection of product failing to meet quality standards and the prediction of optimal postharvest shelf-life in the case of oranges kept in cold storage” LINK

“Estimation of Harumanis (Mangifera indica L.) Sweetness using Near-Infrared (NIR) Spectroscopy” LINK

“Near-Infrared (NIR) Spectroscopy to Differentiate Longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) Muscles of Game Species” LINK




Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR)

“Rapid and Non-destructive Detecting Frying Times of Peanut Oil Based on Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy” LINK

“Different Supervised and unsupervised classification approaches based on Visible/Near infrared spectral analysis for discrimination of microbial contaminated lettuce …” LINK

“Nondestructive determination of lignin content in Korla fragrant pear based on near-infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Monitoring the Progress and Healing Status of Burn Wounds Using Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Detection of melamine and sucrose as adulterants in milk powder using near-infrared spectroscopy with DD-SIMCA as one-class classifier and MCR-ALS … forensic evidence” LINK

“Differentiating Between Malignant Mesothelioma and Other Pleural Lesions Using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Confirmation of brand identification in infant formulas by near-infrared spectroscopy fingerprints” LINK

“Near-infrared spectroscopy of the placenta for monitoring fetal oxygenation during labour.” LINK

“Impact of H2O on atmospheric CH4 measurement in near-infrared absorption spectroscopy.” LINK

“Application of near-infrared hyperspectral imaging to identify a variety of silage maize seeds and common maize seeds” LINK

“Protein, weight, and oil prediction by single-seed near-infrared spectroscopy for selection of seed quality and yield traits in pea (Pisum sativum).” phenotyping LINK

“Multiple-depth Modeling of Soil Organic Carbon using Visible–Near Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Non-Invasive Blood Glucose Monitoring using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy based on Internet of Things using Machine Learning” LINK

“Simultaneous determination of antioxidant properties and total phenolic content of Siraitia grosvenorii by near infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Rapid quantitative detection of mineral oil contamination in vegetable oil by near-infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Estimating δ15N and δ13C in Barley and Pea Mixtures Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy with Genetic Algorithm Based Partial Least Squares Regression” LINK

“Investigating the Quality of Antimalarial Generic Medicines Using Portable Near-Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“THE DETERMINATION OF FATTY ACIDS IN CHEESES OF VARIABLE COMPOSITION (COW, EWE’S, AND GOAT) BY MEANS OF NEAR INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY” LINK

“Protein, weight, and oil prediction by singleseed nearinfrared spectroscopy for selection of seed quality and yield traits in pea (Pisum sativum)” LINK




Raman Spectroscopy

“Raman Technology for Today’s Spectroscopists” LINK

“Diagnosis of Citrus Greening using Raman Spectroscopy-Based Pattern Recognition” LINK




Hyperspectral Imaging (HSI)

“Classification of Hyperspectral Endocrine Tissue Images Using Support Vector Machines.” LINK

“Using dual-channel CNN to classify hyperspectral image based on spatial-spectral information” LINK

“Diagnosis of Late Blight of Potato Leaves Based on Deep Learning Hyperspectral Images” LINK

“Rapid detection of quality index of postharvest fresh tea leaves using hyperspectral imaging.” LINK

“Applied Sciences, Vol. 10, Pages 2259: Hyperspectral Inversion Model of Chlorophyll Content in Peanut Leaves” LINK

“Non-Destructive Detection of Tea Leaf Chlorophyll Content Using Hyperspectral Reflectance and Machine Learning Algorithms” LINK

“Rapid detection of quality index of postharvest fresh tea leaves using hyperspectral imaging” LINK




Chemometrics and Machine Learning

“Rapid detection of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) Adulterated with lotus stamens and corn stigmas by near-infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics” LINK

“Simultaneous quantification of active constituents and antioxidant capability of green tea using NIR spectroscopy coupled with swarm intelligence algorithm” LINK

“Comparison of CNN Algorithms on Hyperspectral Image Classification in Agricultural Lands” LINK

“Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 1453: Characterization, Quantification and Quality Assessment of Avocado (Persea americana Mill.) Oils” LINK

“Identification of Tea Diseases Based on Spectral Reflectance and Machine Learning” LINK

“Machine learning estimators for the quantity and quality of grass swards used for silage production using drone-based imaging spectrometry and …” LINK




Research on Spectroscopy

“Lanthanide complexes with N-(2, 6-dimethylphenyl) oxamate: Synthesis, characterisation and cytotoxicity” LINK

“Automatisierte und digitale Dokumentation der Applikation organischer Düngemittel” LINK




Equipment for Spectroscopy

“Evaluation of Depth Measurement Method Based on Spectral Characteristics Using Hyperspectrometer” LINK

“Monitoring wine fermentation deviations using an ATR-MIR spectrometer and MSPC charts” LINK




Process Control and NIR Sensors

“Process analytical technology tools for process control of roller compaction in solid pharmaceuticals manufacturing.” LINK




Agriculture NIR-Spectroscopy Usage

“The effect of bubble formation within carbonated drinks on the brewage foamability, bubble dynamics and sensory perception by consumers” LINK

“Rapid Measurement of Soybean Seed Viability Using Kernel-Based Multispectral Image Analysis” LINK

“Remote Sensing, Vol. 12, Pages 1256: Crop Separability from Individual and Combined Airborne Imaging Spectroscopy and UAV Multispectral Data” LINK

“Portable IoT NIR Spectrometer for Detecting Undesirable Substances in Forages of Dairy Farms” LINK

“Hyperspectral imaging using multivariate analysis for simulation and prediction of agricultural crops in Ningxia, China” LINK

“Automatisierte und digitale Dokumentation der Applikation organischer Düngemittel” LINK




Horticulture NIR-Spectroscopy Applications

” Nondestructive determining the soluble solids content of citrus using near infrared transmittance technology combined with the variable selection algorithm” LINK




Food & Feed Industry NIR Usage

“Statistical Analysis of Protein Content in Wheat Germplasm Based on Near-infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy” LINK

“Prediction of infertile chicken eggs before hatching by the Naïve-Bayes method combined with visible near infrared transmission spectroscopy” LINK




Other

“Microsoft lays off journalists to replace them with AI” LINK





Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #3, 2020

Near Infrared (NIR) Spectroscopy

“Fourier-transform near infrared spectroscopy (FT-NIRS) rapidly and non-destructively predicts daily age and growth in otoliths of juvenile red snapper Lutjanus …” LINK

“Desarrollo de Modelos NIRS de Predicción para el Análisis de la Finura de Fibras Textiles de Vicuña y Llama” LINK

“fNIRS-GANs: Data augmentation using generative adversarial networks for classifying motor tasks from functional near-infrared spectroscopy.” LINK

” Simulated NIR spectra as sensitive markers of the structure and interactions in nucleobases” LINK

“Penentuan Parameter Mutu Buah Jeruk Siam Garut Secara Nondestruktif Menggunakan Spektroskopi NIR” LINK

“Rapid non-destructive moisture content monitoring using a handheld portable Vis–NIR spectrophotometer during solar drying of mangoes (Mangifera indica L.)” LINK

“VIS-NIR wave spectrometric features of acorns (Quercus robur L.) for machine grading” LINK

“Portable NIR Spectroscopy: Affordable Technology for Developing Countries” LINK

“NIR spectroscopy used for non-destructive evaluation of the chemical composition of the investigated papers in addition to typically used standard methods.” LINK

“Feasibility study on prediction of gasoline octane number using NIR spectroscopy combined with manifold learning and neural network” LINK

“Authentication of Tokaj Wine (Hungaricum) with the Electronic Tongue and Near Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Environmental advantages of visible and near infrared spectroscopy for the prediction of intact olive ripeness” LINK

“Rapid screening and quantitative analysis of adulterant Lonicerae Flos in Lonicerae Japonicae Flos by Fourier-transform near infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Rapid analysis of soluble solid content in navel orange based on visible-near infrared spectroscopy combined with a swarm intelligence optimization method” LINK

“Establishment and relevant analysis of plant’s spectral reflectivity database in visible and near-infrared bands” LINK




Hyperspectral Imaging

“Mineral Mapping of Drill Core Hyperspectral Data with Extreme Learning Machines” LINK

“Deep learning classifiers for hyperspectral imaging: A review” LINK

“Texture and Shape Features for Grass Weed Classification Using Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Images” LINK

“Avoiding Overfitting When Applying Spectral-Spatial Deep Learning Methods on Hyperspectral Images with Limited Labels” LINK

“Estimation Model of Winter Wheat Yield Based on Uav Hyperspectral Data” LINK




Chemometrics and Machine Learning

“Validation of near infrared spectroscopy as an age-prediction method for plastics” LINK

Whoever leads in ArtificialIntelligence in 2030 will rule the world until 2100 | fintech AI MachineLearning DeepLearning robotics LINK

“Chemical Composition of Hexene-Based Linear Low-Density Polyethylene by Infrared Spectroscopy and Chemometrics” LINK

“Establishment of Plot-Yield Prediction Models in Soybean Breeding Programs Using UAV-Based Hyperspectral Remote Sensing” LINK

“DEVELOPING NEAR INFRARED SPECTROSCOPIC MODELS FOR PREDICTING DENSITY OF Eucalyptus WOOD BASED ON INDIRECT MEASUREMENT” LINK

“NIR reflectance spectroscopy and SIMCA for classification of crops flour” LINK




NIR Equipment

“Prediction of meat quality traits in the abattoir using portable and hand-held near-infrared spectrometers” LINK

“A Plug-and-play Hyperspectral Imaging Sensor Using Low-cost Equipment” LINK




NIR in Environment

“The use of hyperspectral remote sensing to detect PCB contaminated soils in the 0.35 to 12 micron spectral range” LINK




NIR in Agriculture

“Fast measurement of phosphates and ammonium in fermentation-like media: a feasibility study” LINK

“Detection of early decay on citrus using hyperspectral transmittance imaging technology coupled with principal component analysis and improved watershed …” LINK

“Determination of Nutritive Value of Some Feedstuffs Used in Poultry Nutrition by Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS) and Chemical Methods” LINK

“근적외선분광법을 이용한 사료용 벼의 사료가치 평가” “Evaluation of Feed Values for Whole Crop Rice Using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy” LINK

“Classification of crop flours based on protein contents using near infra-red spectroscopy and principle component analysis” LINK

“In-field detection of Alternaria solani in potato crops using hyperspectral imaging” LINK




NIR in Laboratory

“Use of Remote sensing technology to assess grapevine quality” LINK


CalibrationModel.com

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 2, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy MachineLearning Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical AI Application Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software Sensors QA QC Testing Quality LINK

Spektroskopie und Chemometrie Neuigkeiten Wöchentlich 2, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spektroskopie MachineLearning Spektrometer IoT Sensor Nahinfrarot Chemie Analytik Analysengeräte Analysentechnik Analysemethode Nahinfrarotspektroskopie Laboranalyse LINK

Spettroscopia e Chemiometria Weekly News 2, 2020 | NIRS NIR Spettroscopia MachineLearning analisi chimica Spettrale Spettrometro Chem Sensore Attrezzatura analitica Laboratorio analisi prova qualità Analysesystem predictionmodel LINK


Start Calibrate

This week’s NIR news Weekly is sponsored by Your-Company-Name-Here – NIR-spectrometers. Check out their product page … link

Get the Chemometrics and Spectroscopy News in real time on Twitter @ CalibModel and follow us.




Cost comparison / Price comparison of Chemometrics / Machine Learning / Data Science for NIR-Spectroscopy

Reduce Operating Costs and Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of NIR-Spectroscopy (NIRS) in the Digitalization Age.
NIR-Spectroscopy (NIRS) - Reduce cost, Increase revenue
Reduce Cost by automated NIR development.
Increase Revenue by higher accuracy NIR results.


CalibrationModel.com (CM) versus Others

Costs are not everything, there are other important factors listed in the table.

CM fix € pricing (approx.) Others € Price Range (approx.)
Software
included
Chemometric Package not‑needed
€3500 – €6500 per user
Chemometric Predictor
free‑software
€1500 – €2500 per NIR device
Knowledge
included
Chemometric Training not‑needed
€1500 – €2500 per user
Chemometrician* Salary not‑needed
1 years Salary / year
(+ risk of Employee Turnover)
Computation
included
Powerful Computer (many Processors, lot of RAM for big data) not‑needed
€1500 – €4500 per computer
Development and Usage
Development of a Calibration
€128
€80 – €150 / hour
of Chemometrician* using a Chemometric Software (click and wait) and applying it’s knowledge
Usage of a Calibration
€60 / year
Total €178 in first year
€60 in second year
initial (min €8000 , max €15500)
+ 2 * (2 – 4)(hour to cost same! as CM service) * (€80 – €150) Chemometrician* work
no initial cost
very high initial costs
no personnel cost
high personnel* costs
constant CM services
risk of Employee Turnover
global knowledge
risk of only use personal knowledge
easy to calculate fix cost on demand
difficult to calculate variable cost on demand plus Chemometrician* Recruitment needed
Results :
calibration prediction performance
always reproducible highly optimized
only as good as your Chemometrician* daily condition
better prediction performance, due to best-of 10’000x calibrations
small size of experiments, non-optimal calibrations

See also: pricing

Start Calibrate

*) Personnel / Chemometrician / Data Scientist / Data Analyst / Machine Learning Engineer : We are not against it, we are one of them a long time ago, but the way the work is done is changing (see below).

2019 Digitalization and the Future of Work: Macroeconomic Consequences
2019 The Digitalization of the American Workforce
2017 Digitalization and the American workforce , full-report

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly #29, 2019

CalibrationModel.com

Spectroscopy and Chemometrics News Weekly 28, 2019 | NIRS NIR Spectroscopy Chemometrics Spectrometer Spectrometric Analytical Chemistry Chemical Analysis Lab Labs Laboratories Laboratory Software Sensors QA QC Testing Quality Checking LINK

Spektroskopie und Chemometrie Neuigkeiten Wöchentlich 28, 2019 | NIRS NIR Spektroskopie Chemometrie Spektrometer Sensor Nahinfrarot Chemie Analytik Analysengeräte Analysentechnik Analysemethode Nahinfrarotspektroskopie Qualitätslabor LINK

Spettroscopia e Chemiometria Weekly News 28, 2019 | NIRS NIR Spettroscopia Chemiometria analisi chimica Spettrale Spettrometro Chem Sensore Attrezzatura analitica Laboratorio analisi prova qualità Analysesystem prediction models LINK

This week’s NIR news Weekly is sponsored by YourCompanyNameHere – BestNIRinstruments. Check out their product page … link




Chemometrics

Distinguishing donor age groups via Raman spectroscopic analysis of whole blood & chemometrics! research by Kyle C. Doty & Igor K. Lednev : | LINK

“Variable selection by double competitive adaptive reweighted sampling for calibration transfer of near infrared spectra” LINK

“Intuitive Visualization of Outlier Detection Methods” LINK

“Comparison of three different classification methods performance for the determination of biofuel quality by means of NIR spectroscopy” LINK

” Predicting the quality of ryegrass using hyperspectral imaging” LINK

“A Clustering-Based Partial Least Squares Method for Improving the Freshness Prediction Model of Crucian Carps Fillets by Hyperspectral Image Technology” LINK

” Hyperspectral Uncertainty Quantification by Optimization” LINK




Near Infrared

“Hardwood Species Classification with Hyperspectral Microscopic Images” LINK

” Vibrational Spectroscopy and Chemometrics in Forensic Chemistry: Critical Review, Current Trends and Challenges” LINK

“Combining Fourier Transform MidInfrared Spectroscopy with Chemometric Methods to Detect Adulterations in Milk Powder.” LINK

“Comparison of Cation Exchange Capacity Estimated from Vis-NIR Spectral Reflectance Data and a Pedotransfer Function” LINK



“Modeling of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters, Monoglycerides, Triglycerides and Diglycerides in Rapeseed Oil Biodiesel by Near Infrared Spectroscopy” LINK

“Predicting the contents of polysaccharides and its monosugars in Dendrobium huoshanense by partial least squares regression model using attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy” LINK

“Fast determination of oxides content in cement raw meal using NIR spectroscopy with SPXY algorithm” LINK

“Application of near infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics for the analysis of nutraceuticals in South Africa” LINK


Infrared

“Determination of total sugar content in Siraitia grosvenorii by near infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy with wavelength selection techniques” LINK

“How to Measure Coating Thickness of Tablets: Method Comparison of Optical Coherence Tomography, Near-infrared Spectroscopy and Weight-, Height- and Diameter Gain.” LINK




Hyperspectral

“Spectral difference analysis and identification of different maturity blueberry fruit based on hyperspectral imaging using spectral index” LINK




Optics

Focus on photonics, spectroscopy, and spectrometry LINK




Equipment

“Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 2995: Effect of the Architecture of Fiber-Optic Probes Designed for Soluble Solid Content Prediction in Intact Sugar Beet Slices” LINK

“Miniaturized analytical platform for cocaine detection in oral fluids by MicroNIR/Chemometrics.” LINK

“Handheld near-infrared spectrometer for on-line monitoring of biodiesel production in a continuous process” LINK




Environment

“Optimized Multivariate Analysis for the Discrimination of Cucumber Green Mosaic Mottle Virus-Infected Watermelon Seeds Based on Spectral Imaging” LINK




Agriculture

“Non-destructive screening method for detecting the presence of insects in sorghum grains using near infrared spectroscopy and discriminant analysis” LINK

” NIR hyperspectral imaging with multivariate analysis for measurement of oil and protein” LINK




Pharma

“Development and Validation of In-line Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Based Analytical Method for Commercial Production of a Botanical Drug Product” LINK

In-line monitoring of powder blend homogeneity in continuous drug manufacture using near infrared spectroscopy (with PDF) pharmaceutical binder excipients LINK




Laboratory

“The essential role of omni-capable research laboratories in advancing analytical spectroscopy” LINK




Other

“How to Build Disruptive DataScience Teams: 10 Best Practices” LINK